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Prof. Tomasz Nałęcz

Born in 1949 in Gołymin, in the Ciechanów poviate. He studied history at the University of Warsaw, where he was employed as an assistant lecturer at the Faculty of History directly after graduation. He has been working there ever since: in 1977, he became doctor, in 1988 – doctor habilitatus and in 1991 professor of the University of Warsaw.

Between 1970 and 1990, he was a member of the Polish United Workers' Party. In 1980, he joined the “Solidarity” Independent and Self-Governing Trade Union but he did not continue his activity after the introduction of the martial law. In 1989, he was one of the organizers of the “8th July Movement”, which worked towards the dissolution of the Polish United Workers' Party and formation of a new social-democratic party. In 1990, he was one of the founders and vice-chairman of the Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland. He left the party in 1991 after the affair of a Moscow loan, which he had not been aware of, came to light. Between 1990 and 1994, he was a councillor of the Warsaw-Mokotów municipality.

In 1992, he was one of the founders of the Labour Union. From 1993 to 1997, he was a deputy representing the Labour Union in Sejm. In 2001, he obtained a deputy's mandate again, to represent the Democratic Left Alliance-Labour Union. Between 2001 and 2005, he was the Deputy Speaker of the Sejm. From 2003 to 2004, he was vice-chairman of the Sejm Investigation Committee for the Rywin affair. In 2004, he co-founded the Social Democracy of Poland.

In autumn 2005, he withdrew from politics. He returned to the University of Warsaw and became professor of the Pultusk Academy of Humanities.

As a historian, he specializes in the period of the Polish struggle for independence and the history of the 2nd Polish Republic. His most important publications include: “The Polish Military Organization 1914-1918” (1984); “Józef Piłsudski – legends and facts” (1986) in cooperation with his wife, Daria Nałęcz. The biography was also published in the Russian, Lithuanian and Croatian language; “The dispute on the shape of democracy and parliamentary system in Poland between 1921 and 1926 (1994); „History of the 20th century” (2000). Together with the most distinguished Polish historians (Henryk Samsonowicz, Janusz Tazbir, Andrzej Paczkowski, Andrzej Friszke and Andrzej Chwalba), he is the co-author of syntheses of the Polish history that have been repeatedly reprinted: “Poland. History of the state and the nation” and “Poland over the ages”.

Since 1972, he has been married to Daria Lipińska-Nałęcz, who is currently the rector of the Lazarski University. He has one son, Andrzej, who is a lawyer.

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