Pursuant to Article 25 of the Act on Academic Degrees and Academic Title and the degrees and ranks in Art, the President of the Republic of Poland shall award the professor degrees to the employees of the art and science as well as academic teachers.
The application for title to be awarded is made by the Central Committee for Degrees and Titles and the decision on the award of the professor title is taken by the President of the Republic of Poland by order. The individual acts conferring the subject professor title are received by professors from the President.
Pursuant to Article 179 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland, the President shall appoint judges to perform judicial duties.
The President of the Republic of Poland shall, at the request of the National Council of the Judiciary of Poland, appoint the persons to perform judicial duties as a judge at: The Supreme Court, common courts (appeal, district, regional), administrative courts (Supreme Administrative Court, provincial administrative courts) and military courts (regional military courts, military garrison courts).
The resolutions “on the presentation of the application for appointment of a person to carry out judicial duties” shall be submitted by the National Judiciary Council to the President of the Republic of Poland.
The decisions on the appointment shall be made by the President by ruling. The individual nominations shall be received by judges from the President and they shall take an oath before the President.
The President of the Republic of Poland shall, on the application of the Minister of National Defence, award the general ranks to the Polish Army officers.